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<p>Binary Search is a fundamental algorithm in computer science, revered for its efficiency and wide range of applications. It is a divide-and-conquer search algorithm that allows us to find a specific element within a sorted array or list. In this article, we will explore the function and benefits of Binary Search, while also delving into the time and space complexity analysis.</p><p>For instance- You’re given a task with two objects- a special egg that’s not easily breakable and a 100-story building, and your goal is to find the floor from which you can safely drop the egg with the least amount of time, here’s and optimize approach: Start by going to the 50th floor of the building and drop the egg from there. If it breaks, you’ve narrowed down the range, and you can then go to the 25th floor and repeat the process. If the egg doesn’t break when dropped from the 50th floor, proceed to the 75th floor and drop it from there, and so on. This method allows you to efficiently reduce the number of possible floors where the egg might break by half with each drop. This strategy is known as **Binary Search**.</p>